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  • P-ISSN2765-2203
  • E-ISSN2765-2211

Distribution of Social Wasps in Two Metropolitan Cities (Busan and Daegu) of South Korea

Proceedings of the National Institute of Ecology of the Republic of Korea, (P)2765-2203; (E)2765-2211
2021, v.2 no.2, pp.101-107
https://doi.org/10.22920/PNIE.2021.2.2.101
Chang-Jun Kim (Division of Forest Biodiversity, Korea National Arboretum)
Moon Bo Choi (School of Applied Biosciences, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University)

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze social wasps’ urban distribution tendency based on 10 species found in two metropolitan cities (Busan and Daegu) of South Korea. There 10 species included six species (Vespa mandarinia, V. ducalis, V. crabro flavofasciata, Vespula koreensis koreensis, Parapolybia indica, and Polistes snelleni) of forest dwellers that inhabited urban main forests and satellite forests, two species (V. simillima simillima and V. analis parallela) of facultative dwellers that nested at diverse sites of urban areas with greater preference for urban forest, and two species (V. velutina nigrithorax and P. rothneyi koreanus) of urban dwellers that nested at almost all sites, including urban and forest areas. These urban dwellers were found to adapt well to an urban environment based on their far higher rate of urban nesting compared to facultative dwellers. When distribution tendencies of facultative dwellers and urban dwellers in Busan and Daegu were compared, a regular distribution was mostly observed in Busan with a dense forest network. For Daegu that lacked forest connectivity, the greatest distribution of species was found in the nearby urban forest. For Daegu, a city further away from forests, urban dwellers occurred far beyond forest sites compared to Busan with a dense forest network.

Submission Date
2021-03-27
Revised Date
2021-03-31
Accepted Date
2021-04-01

Proceedings of the National Institute of Ecology of the Republic of Korea